Law of Tort
The law of tort is concerned with wrongdoings by one person against another person, and allows individuals to make a claim as a result of this wrongdoing, in order to receive compensation for any losses that they consequently suffer.
A tort is defined as a wrongful act which has resulted in legal liability for the person who committed the act. There are many different types of tort, such examples being trespassing, noise pollution and even false imprisonment. Some wrongful acts, such as trespass, libel or causing an injury, can result in someone suing another for damages.
The law of tort falls within the context of private law, because in general a tort is distinguished from a crime as it affects the interests of an individual, rather than a bigger society. Torts can also be different to crimes because they may be due to negligence; there was no intent to cause damage, it was an accident instead. However, some crimes, such as assault, can also be torts.
Law of tort is important because it helps to prevent irreparable damage from occurring, by ensuring that anyone who causes damage faces the consequences of their actions. Sometimes, when people pursue action in this area of the law, their solicitor will offer a ‘no win, no fee’ deal. This is quite common for personal injury claims.