Law of Evidence
Law of evidence concerns the rules when certain documents, materials or testimonies are provided by a witness in Court proceedings. These are vital in proving or disproving the facts of a issue brought before Court, and this consequently helps to determine if a defendant is guilty or not.
All witnesses must take an oath or swear that their evidence is true. If their evidence is found to be falsified, they will have to face the consequences for committing the crime of perjury. Should someone withhold evidence, again this can result in a punishment. The requirement of an oath helps to ensure that if anyone is found to have lied, they can face prosecution, which therefore deters people from providing evidence if they are not going to state the truth.
The law of evidence serves to determine which pieces of evidence the Court must consider and which it must ignore. It is also concerned with the quantity of evidence required, its quality, and the type of evidence it is, when determining which party is guilty.
Evidence includes items such as maps, soundtracks and films, as well as written documents. Firearms and other dangerous objects used in crimes can also serve as evidence, but any evidence obtained illegally is excluded from Court. This means that if someone makes a confession because they were being threatened, it is then invalid in Court. The law of evidence ensures that if any evidence has been forged, or any evidence was moved (such as a weapon being planted at a scene), this will not be considered in Court.